Guidelines for Catching Coyotes
If you were to ask 50 professional trappers on how to successfully trap a coyote, I bet you would get 50 or more different answers. The coyote or ‘barking dog’ can prove to be one of the hardest of all animals to catch. We do not like nor sell leg hold or snare traps. The web is full of information on how to catch coyote using these types of traps. We only sell and promote live catch box traps for trapping any animal, including the coyote.
The coyote is a relative of the domestic dog and wolf. They are native to North America, a few can be found in some areas of Central America. Coyotes are essentially nocturnal, live an average of 6 to 15 years, they prefer to be alone but have been seen in pairs and packs. They also have been seen eating in the daytime, usually the smaller rodents such as mice. When there is bigger prey, they will hunt in pairs or packs. The parents of coyote pups will stay the summer with their young, an average of 2 to 6 pups in a litter. In recent years, the coyote has become more brazen and are seen within city limits during the daytime. As man encroaches upon their territory for housing, the problem of coyotes has become more troublesome. Coyotes will prey upon chickens, ducks, housecats, rabbits, etc. This is causing problems for people who are raising these animals on their country property. Coyotes have a broad range diet that allows them to live in many different territories. In some areas of the US, the coyotes don’t seem to be as scared to humans as they once were. They have been seen in mall parking lots, on school grounds, in front and backyards of homes, even in the busiest areas of a town or city. The coyote is on the lookout for food and maybe shelter if his home has been built on or destroyed. This shows how adaptable and versatile coyotes are. Even though we see more of them out and about, they are still more afraid of people than we are of them.
Choosing the correct animal trap for coyotes.
The location of the trap is important. Coyotes are creatures of habit and return to the same area. If you know where the coyote is entering and leaving your property, this is where the trap should be set. For best results, the trap must be concealed. Many use straw or hay bales set around and on top of the trap with only the trap door sticking out. This hides the trap and helps mask any human scent. You can use scent deterrents available in the fishing or hunting section of a store. Or spray apple cider around the trap and as you walk away, this takes away human scent. Coyotes will fight hard after being captured. Make sure you have your plan of action of what you are going to do after trapping the coyote in place. Check your trap often so the coyote doesn’t harm or destroy your trap. Spring load traps also work for catching coyote, make sure they are hidden well as glint of the sun off of metal may prevent the coyote from entering the traps. As always, wear high quality gloves for protection.
Baiting for a Coyote
So many baits but we suggest the most simple first. Coyotes are known for destroying whole watermelon patches. They love the taste and are after the liquid. Use cut watermelon pieces for your first choice of bait. Put a few tidbits leading up to and just inside the front door. Put the main course behind the trap plate so the coyote steps on the plate to get the bait. Stick it a little under the trip pan so he doesn’t grab and run. You can even put the bait underneath the trap at the end where you bait. This way he cannot grab and run. If using old meat, rub the sides of the trap down to scent up the area. Put a few tidbits before and just in the trap. Do the same thing with the old meat. Place a little under the trap pan, underneath the trap at the back of the trap or wire it to the back of the trap.
Out west, where we alive, livestock owners have had difficulties with coyotes for years. They will prey upon newborn livestock, lambs and calves. Live food is more appetizing for coyotes than dead animals, although they are seen on highways eating road kill. Some serious folks have found that building or buying a bait cage to put at the rear of the trap works well for coyote bait. They will use a live chicken in the bait cage. The coyote goes into the trap thinking it can get to the chicken by going through the trap. The chicken, although being scared out of its wits, won’t be harmed and you will have a catch. Rotten eggs are also supposed to be good bait for coyotes. If you do an online search, there are 100’s of products that say they will serve as excellent bait for catching coyote, we will leave this up to you.
Please be sure and contact your local authorizes or game warden to find out if there are any rules or constrictions to trapping coyote in your area. Find out the releasing procedures. If there are none, take the coyote as far away as possible, the males can travel 15 miles in one day. They need a food and water source available. Assistance from your game warden will help you in this area.
This information is only a guideline and is not all inclusive on coyotes or trapping coyotes. We encourage you to research more about coyotes and how to trap them successfully. We wish you a happy trapping experience.